On May 30, U.S. Trade Representative Robert E. Lighthizer presented to Congress a draft declaration on the administrative measures necessary to implement the Agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada (USMCA and the new NAFTA), pursuant to the Presidential Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) Act 2015. The project will submit USMCA enforcement legislation to Congress after 30 days, or after June 29. In a letter  sent to Nancy Pelosi, spokeswoman for the House of Representatives, and Kevin McCarthy, the minority leader of the House of Representatives, the Republicans, Lighthizer said that the USMCA is the gold standard in U.S. trade policy, modernizes competitive digital commerce, intellectual property, and U.S. services, and creates a level playing field for U.S. companies, workers and farmers. an agreement that represents a fundamental reorientation of trade relations between Mexico and Canada. Canada ratified the agreement in March and the USMCA entered into force on July 1, 2020. Although NAFTA is officially dead, governments and businesses are still adapting to the new rules, especially the new labor rules. The coronavirus could also complicate implementation, as manufacturers will adapt to new guidelines in the midst of a global economic crisis.
National procedures for ratifying the agreement in the United States are governed by the legislation of the Trade Promotion Authority, which is also known as “Fast Track”. Overall, Canada has become more dependent on trade with the United States and has relied on its southern neighbour for 75 per cent of its exports. Other high-income countries tend to be much more diverse and rarely rely on a single partner for more than 20%. U.S. presidents have long had cordial relations with Canadian prime ministers, but Trump has not hesitated to use this addiction as a means of pressure. As part of the USMCA talks, he threatened new tariffs on Canadian auto parts if Ottawa did not accept trade concessions. The U.S. Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) is a trade agreement between these parties.
The USMCA replaced the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). NAFTA also used a new era of free trade agreements that expanded with the stalling of the World Trade Organization (WTO) global trade negotiations and pioneered the integration of labour and environmental provisions, which became increasingly extensive in subsequent free trade agreements [PDF]. The USMCA secured stronger enforcement mechanisms than the original agreement, leading the AFL-CIO, the largest collection of U.S. unions, to back the pact, a rare endorsement of a group that has sharply criticized NAFTA. For the first time, the agreement specifically addresses agricultural biotechnology to support twenty-first century innovation in agriculture. The text covers all biotechnologies, including new technologies such as gene editing, while the trans-Pacific partnership text covered only traditional rDNA technology. In particular, the United States, Mexico and Canada have agreed on provisions to improve information exchange and trade cooperation in the field of agricultural biotechnology. This agreement is the result of a renegotiation between the member states of the North American Free Trade Agreement from 2017 to 2018, which informally agreed on the terms of the new agreement on 30 September 2018 and formally on 1 October.  Proposed by US President Donald Trump, the USMCA was signed on 30 November 2018 by Mr.
Trump, Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau as a side event of the G20 summit in Buenos Aires in 2018. A revised version was signed on December 10, 2019 and ratified by all three countries, with final ratification (Canada) taking place on March 13, 2020, just before the postponement of the Canadian Parliament due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The FDA was an important member of the U.S. team negotiating the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), which went into effect on July 1 of this year. . . .